Spatial and functional adaptability of multi-purpose sports facilities
Ing. arch. Martin Hudec, PhD.
Lifestyle changes and other economic and social factors contribute to changing demands for sport and sports architecture. Adaptation to the conditions created by the requirements of users, operators or requirements of a city or municipality is a concept of sustainable architecture. One of the tools is to adapt the building to multi-purpose sports facilities. The first part of the thesis presents a brief analysis of the development of sports buildings and the state of the problem in our region. This state of the problem serves as a starting point and motivation for the research of thesis. Next part of the thesis focuses on adaptability, defines its concept and explains its use in the context of sports typology. The main part of the thesis focuses on the analysis of selected adaptations of sports facilities, examines the aspects that influenced the adaptation process and their internal spatial organization. Comparation results of analysis of sports facilities describe in particular the selected aspects, the tools of design and the circumstances necessary to achieve a certain degree of adaptation. Finally, there are recommendations for practice as well as suggestions for further examination of this issue.
- PhD thesis approved in the study programme Architecture at the Faculty of Architecture STU in Bratislava
Strategies of forming urban public space
Ing. arch. Kristína Staněková, PhD.
The subject of the dissertation thesis is outlining of the strategic process that would lead to establishment of urban design strategy on the citywide level that would ensure the best possible quality of public space of our cities. It presents key theoretical research findings in the field of urban planning and design, which represent fundament of current international discourse and incorporates them into the context of system theory. This allows for their clear structuring. It then presents the basic contours of the strategic process that can be observed in the field of urban planning and design at the level of the European Union and Great Britain. Partial conclusions point to the fact that both levels correlate with the current discourse. Thereafter it analyses the process of urban planning and design in our country. On the basis of relevant documents analysis at the state and chosen city level it states that the current world discourse has not yet found a response in our country. The result of the dissertation is the recommendation to clearly and comprehensively define our society requirements concerning the city as well as its public space. Then it will be possible to determine if and how the findings and recommendations of the current world discourse can be used in the development of national and local strategies in this area.
- PhD thesis approved in the study programme Urban Design at the Faculty of Architecture STU in Bratislava
Design and quality of the environment from Thonet until the present: Effect of the material selection
Ing. arch. Ivo Flimmel, ArtD.
Quality of life is a term used to assess the physical, psychological, social, economic and spiritual well-being of an individual or a sector of society. Quality of life is based on subjective assessments, it depends on the interests, needs and wishes of the user. The quality of the environment constitutes one of the basal parts and directly depends on human activity. Everything that arises with its contribution is generated using the unique power of the only man. That power is creativity, thus shaping power over the material to obtain a product that will meet the primary needs identified at its origin. This is a process called in modern terms, a design that takes place unconsciously, either within the primitive forms of human being, or consciously and deliberately within the last century. Therefore, we will try to delve into the personality of this ancient concept that could really help understand and improve the quality of environment and the overall life through design. The design is an essential factor in quality of human life as it significantly contributes to the improvement of products and services in which it is integrated, as well as an improvement in context, respectively environment, in which it takes place and which is intended to meet the particular needs of the individual. If this is not possible, to facilitate their lives, and create an artificial space in which man will be able to operate. Design is a part of everyday life, which seeks to integrate commercial and symbolic value of products and services that are introduced into contemporary culture. Therefore, it is said that designers sought not only objects, but also the way people communicate within a given environment. We will try to break into one of the basic elements of design : material. We believe that the material is a major element in determining not only the shape but also the function of the proposed goods. Its properties, processing options and finishes are the determining factor design and thus quality-made environment. We will explore the possibilities that we offer individual materials in the evolution of design and its impact on the creation and development of the quality of the environment in which one lives, works, has its dreams, feelings and perceptions. And within the design we choose one of the most used products at all : chair. As stated by Petelen Ivan (2013) in the summary of his lecture Do we know how to sit and does the design and the interior help us to sit correctly? presented at the conference Creativity in Design II at the Department of Furniture and Wood Product Design of the Technical University in Zvolen: Since people spend most of their lives in the interior (statistical data usually state it is about 70% to 80%), we can say that the quality of the interior directly affects the quality of our lives. The feedback can be referred to as the “education through the environment” and the interior space (artifical material environment) plays an important role here. Interior furnishings and equipment also have a significant impact on human health. The assumption is that people spend about 8 hours out of the 24-hour daily cycle in their beds (sleeping, resting, recuperating, etc.), and beds used to be the most utilized furniture items in people’s lives. However, nowadays it seems that the top position has been taken by chairs in which we spend even more time – and not only chairs but seating furniture in general, because in addition to sitting at the computers used for work, information search and entertainment, we sit also when eating, relaxing or watching television.
- PhD thesis approved in the study programme Design at the Faculty of Architecture STU in Bratislava