Abandoned industrial sites represent a specific and severe interdisciplinary issue. Negative impacts primarily affect the immediate surrounding area. They also have considerable impact on the overall image of the city with regional impact. Although these locations represent a great potential for the city particularly in terms of contact with the existing urban structures, frequently in tangency with the central or residential areas, but also in terms of existing transport service, infrastructure, buildings, organization schemes etc.
Significant potential is represented by the area as a space for new urban development, it provides opportunity for urban intensification, the proximity to the central area, new utilization opportunities of existing buildings, transport services and infrastructure.
The main objectives are preservation of the industrial layer as a constituent of cultural heritage, effective utilization, the complementation of urban functions, continuity of public places, implementation of different requirements and interdisciplinary compromises, long-term strategies of development and assignment of sustainability, withdrawal of tension among diverse urban structures in immediate contact, contamination disposal, elimination of negative impacts and creation of positive image of the location and subsequently of the image of the city and region.
Crucial problem in the process of transformation and assignment of sustainability is the selection of suitable utilization. It is important to take into consideration particular conditions remarkable for each locality. Selection of new function depends on mutual relation of the site and the central area. It also depends on the extent of contamination and impact on users’ welfare and the environment.