The relation between the settlement and the surrounding countryside significantly influences the quality of the environment on a region-wide scale. The development of this relationship has brought many negatively acting marks on the environment, which may influence the further development of its quality. The dynamic social changes, generating the important transformation of the economic sphere, create the necessary preconditions for the innovation of the relationship between the settlement and the surrounding countryside. Revealing the laws to optimize the relation between the densely built-up area of a settlement and the surrounding countryside is a method of harmonizing the environment with a full-value application of natural elements. The precondition for successful research is the interdisciplinarity style of work and the cooperation of architects with other experts, who influence the shaping of the environment.