SUMMARY Practical outputs of the research and innovation of information and communication systems and technologies (such as videoconferences, long-distance teaching and on-line communications, using Internet and HTML pages for architectural studio projects and for long distance education and tutorial) to the academic, research, educational and practical activities in architecture and landscape planning. These principles used […]

SUMMARY One of the first people to address urban areas was Leonardo da Vinci with his manuscript “La città ideale”. When he learnt that the population of Milan had reached 50,000 in 1486, he became the first urbanist to design a plan for a modern and rationally-organized town[1] which also included a list of factors […]