Architectural design of the social service transformation: De-institutionalization in the architectural context

Lea Rollová, Danica Končeková, Eva Rusňáková


The initial phase of transformation of social services, called ‘de-institutionalization’,   has started in Slovakia. The transformation is characterized by the change of the system providing social care. Clients of large-scale institutions should gradually move to newly opened residential units. The aim of the process is to include the clients into social life, help them to get greater independence, self-reliance and personal development. To meet the aim, a radical change in the approach to the design of urban and architectural environment has to take place.  This paper looks into basic problems and inputs which rely to this process.

Keywords: architecture, deinstitutionalization, social services, debarrierisation, social inclusion